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Langar Church of England Primary School

Year 4

Breadth of Study


Chronological Understanding

Name and place dates of significant events from past on a timeline

Use historical vocabulary e.g. century, decade, BC, AD, after, before, during.

Divide recent history into present, using 21st century, and the past using 19th and 20th centuries.

Note connections, contrasts and trends over time.

Knowledge and understanding of past events, people and changes in the past



Show knowledge and understanding by describing features of past societies and periods.

Identify some ideas, beliefs, attitudes and experiences of men, women and children from the past.

Give reasons why changes in houses, culture, leisure, clothes, buildings and their uses, things of importance to people, ways of life, beliefs and attitudes may have occurred during a time period.

Describe how some of the past events/people affect life today.

Historical interpretation


Give reasons why there may be different accounts of history.

Historical Enquiry

Understand the difference between primary and secondary sources of evidence.

Use documents, printed sources, the internet, databases, pictures, photos, music, artefacts, historic buildings and visits to collect information about the past.

Ask questions such as ‘what was it like for a …… during ……?’

Suggest sources of evidence from a selection provided to use to help answer questions.

Organisation and communication

Present findings about past using speaking, writing, maths (statistics), computing, drama and drawing skills

Use dates and terms correctly.

Discuss most appropriate way to present information, realising that it is for an audience.

Use subject specific words such as monarch, settlement, invader.